Gum (Periodontal) Disease

Gum or periodontal disease results from a build-up of plaque on the teeth, and if left untreated has been linked to more serious conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, respiratory conditions and stroke. Periodontal disease can be identified in two main stages; gingivitis and periodontitis.


In its early stages, periodontal disease is known as gingivitis and is a treatable, reversible condition. Gingivitis occurs when a build-up of plaque forms into a sticky substance called tartar which is hard to remove through normal brushing. This bacteria then begins to attack the surrounding gums. Gingivitis can be characterised by red, swollen or puffy gums which may bleed upon brushing or flossing. Bad breath and a sour taste in the mouth are also common symptoms.


Periodontitis occurs if gingivitis is left untreated and although it can be effectively treated to stop it spreading, its effects cannot be reversed. Periodontitis occurs when the bacteria attacking the gums delves deeper into the tissues and begins to attack the surrounding bones and ligaments which support the teeth. In conjunction with the symptoms of gingivitis, periodontitis can also lead to gum and bone recession and eventual tooth loss.

If you are experiencing any of the above symptoms, contact our friendly team to arrange a consultation.